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International primary training

International primary training is held (free of charge) in public hospitals in Rome directly by Prof. Giuseppe Marineo, who developed Scrambler Therapy basic and applied research. The training course is for clinical researchers and physicians that will themselves become trainers in their country of origin. Apart from addressing issues pertaining to the correct methodology usage, it clarifies scientific and methodology issues on clinical research.

For more information visit the Official Scrambler Therapy® scientific and clinical information website .

Secondary training

DIS&L Secondary training is provided by the countries who have medical personal that has undergone primary training. It is aimed exclusively towards correct methodology usage in clinical practice.

Course structure

Both training courses last for three days for specific reasons. There are some variation features during the treatment that statistically occur in the first three days, and it thus necessary to learn how to detect and manage them.

Clinical Practice

Overall each course can accept a limited number of attendees, since each one of them must have a hands-on relationship at least with one patient, apart from observing other patients' being treated. This usually limits the number to a max of 4-5 attendees for each course. Courses that last less than 3 days, or where it is impossible to realize clinical practice in the indicated conditions or provided by unauthorized trainers, are not in line with standard training criteria. These courses have no proper training value.


E-training is possible only as an integration support after standard training. E-training cannot replace a standard training course.

Certification value

Attendance to a training course certifies the operator to the correct methodology usage, but does not entitle him/her to become a trainer. Training for trainers envisages another separate authorization where it is expressly acknowledged.

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